pig genome sequenced :The assembly and analysis of the genome sequence of a female domestic Duroc pig (Sus scrofa)
A new report of the study appears as the cover article in the November 15, 2012, issue of the journal Nature. The details of the study reveals some new, unexpected and potentially beneficial similarities between pigs and humans, along with a few distinct differences. The article published in Nature journal also happens to be most thorough genomic study yet conducted of the domestic pig and its wild boar counterparts.The pig and its cousin the wild boar have much in common with humans. They are world travelers. They’re adaptable, invasive and often damage their own habitat.
Analyses of pig genomes provide insight into porcine demography and evolution
Nature 491,393–398(15 November 2012)doi:10.1038/nature11622
The results also reveal a deep phylogenetic split between European and Asian wild boars ~1 million years ago, and a selective sweep analysis indicates selection on genes involved in RNA processing and regulation.
The team discovered new details of Sus scrofa evolution after the ancestors of the domestic pig, which most resembled today’s wild boars, first emerged in Southeast Asia and gradually migrated across Eurasia.
The pig genome sequence provides an important resource for further improvements of this important livestock species, and our identification of many putative disease-causing variants extends the potential of the pig as a biomedical model. (1165)